How to Make Egusi Soup: 10 Easy Steps

Egusi soup is a flavorful and popular Nigerian dish made with ground melon seeds, assorted meats, and vegetables. It is a rich and hearty soup enjoyed across the country and beyond. If you’re eager to savor the delicious taste of Egusi soup, follow these 10 easy steps to prepare it in your own kitchen.

Step 1: Gather Your Ingredients

Before you begin cooking, ensure you have all the necessary ingredients:

  • 1 cup of ground Egusi (melon) seeds
  • Assorted meats (chicken, beef, or goat meat) – about 500g
  • 1 cup of chopped spinach or bitter leaf (substitute with kale or collard greens if needed)
  • 2 tablespoons of ground crayfish
  • 2 tablespoons of palm oil
  • 1 medium-sized onion (chopped)
  • 2-3 fresh tomatoes (blended or diced)
  • 2-3 red bell peppers (blended or diced)
  • 2-3 scotch bonnet peppers (optional for spice lovers)
  • 2 tablespoons of ground dry pepper (optional for extra heat)
  • 2 seasoning cubes
  • Salt to taste

Step 2: Prepare the Meats

Thoroughly wash the assorted meats and season them with salt and one seasoning cube. You can use your preferred assortment of meats or a combination of chicken, beef, and goat meat. Once seasoned, set the meats aside for about 10 minutes to allow the flavors to marinate.

Step 3: Cook the Assorted Meats

In a pot, add the chopped onions and a little water. Add the seasoned meats and cook until they are tender and well-cooked. You may need to add more water as needed during the cooking process.

Step 4: Prepare the Egusi Paste

In a separate bowl, combine the ground Egusi with a little water to form a thick paste. Stir well to remove any lumps. Set the Egusi paste aside for later use.

Step 5: Prepare the Vegetable

If you are using bitter leaf, wash it thoroughly to remove any bitterness. If you are using spinach, kale, or collard greens, chop them finely and set them aside.

Step 6: Blend or Dice the Tomatoes and Peppers

Blend or dice the fresh tomatoes, red bell peppers, and scotch bonnet peppers (if using). You can adjust the quantity of scotch bonnet peppers to suit your preferred level of spiciness.

Step 7: Cook the Egusi Soup Base

In a separate pot, heat the palm oil on medium heat. Add the chopped onions and sauté until they become translucent. Then, add the blended or diced tomatoes and peppers. Cook the mixture until the oil begins to rise to the surface, indicating that the sauce is well-cooked.

Step 8: Add the Egusi Paste

Once the sauce is well-cooked, gently add the Egusi paste to the pot. Stir the mixture thoroughly to incorporate the Egusi into the sauce.

Step 9: Add the Meats and Seasonings

Next, add the cooked assorted meats, ground crayfish, ground dry pepper (if using), and one seasoning cube. Stir well to combine all the ingredients. Allow the Egusi soup to simmer on low heat for about 10-15 minutes to allow the flavors to meld.

Step 10: Add the Vegetables and Adjust Seasoning

Finally, add the chopped spinach, bitter leaf, kale, or collard greens to the soup. Stir and let the soup cook for an additional 5 minutes or until the vegetables become tender. Taste the soup and adjust the seasoning and salt according to your preference.

Your delicious Egusi soup is now ready to be served! Enjoy it with a side of fluffy white rice, pounded yam, fufu, or any other staple of your choice.


Making Egusi soup is a delightful culinary experience that brings the rich flavors of Nigerian cuisine to your table. With these 10 easy steps, you can create a hearty and mouthwatering Egusi soup that will impress your family and friends. Embrace the warm and comforting taste of Egusi soup, and savor the joy of preparing this traditional delicacy in your own kitchen. Happy cooking!

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. Q: Can I use canned melon seeds instead of ground Egusi? A: While fresh ground Egusi is preferred, you can use canned melon seeds as a substitute. Rinse the canned seeds thoroughly before using them.
  2. Q: Can I add other vegetables to Egusi soup? A: Yes, you can customize the soup with other vegetables like okra, ugu (pumpkin leaves), or spinach for added nutrition and variety.
  3. Q: Can I make a vegetarian version of Egusi soup? A: Yes, you can make a vegetarian Egusi soup by omitting the assorted meats and using vegetable broth. Add tofu or plant-based protein for a satisfying vegetarian option.

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